Class 05: WED FEB 05

Agenda WED FEB 05

Riddle: Why is there no such thing
as an empty bottle of Scotch?

Register to Vote

The November 2020 general election will be the most consequential of your lifetime. Not just your life so far, your entire lifetime. So Register. And Vote. Or answer to your Professor-for-Life, who will never let you forget it.

Thank you.



  • Thank you for your personalized Avatars!
    • StripedSweater21

Lecture/Demo: Purposeful Summary

  • Follow the link to an explanation of the difference between Quotation, Paraphrase, and the much more useful “Purposeful Summary,” the only method endorsed by this course of incorporating large amounts of information from outside sources .

Assignment: Third Task due 11:59pm TUE FEB 11

  • You’ll demonstrate your ability to perform Purposeful Summary.
  • The task will deepen your understanding of what the heck your professor means by counterintuitive.
  • CLICK THIS LINK to launch the “Purposeful Summary” task.
  • Trouble with the LINK? Go here:
  • I’m glad I paid attention in class.
  • Otherwise, I wouldn’t have known how to concoct these flavorful summaries.
  • Publish your “Purposeful Summary” post to the blog by midnight Tuesday next week so I’ll know before we come to class on Wednesday who’s published and who hasn’t.

22 Responses to Class 05: WED FEB 05

  1. nayr79 says:

    Today, we went over summarizing and paraphrasing. For paraphrasing, the conclusion is that paraphrasing needs to be quoted, since it is still basically the author’s words. While it may not need quotes, it needs to be cited. Summarizing uses your own language to convey the same meaning as the author without violating academic integrity. We also reinstated that a 3000-word paper with 2000 of those words being quotes is a failure of a paper. I’ve always thought one should cite sources quoted/mentioned in the paper, however, one should cite most, if not all, sources used, even if many sources were not mentioned or quoted in the piece. Summaries are meant to drain any filler or length to an author’s piece for the purpose of getting to the point. Context should also take priority. A summary is very flexible in nature. As long as the facts are true to the author, the meaning of the summary could be different.

    I learned that a child could possibly have three biological parents. We get to play God. That’s cool and all, but it seems dangerous. I don’t want my child to be created the same way a stuffed animal would at Build-A-Bear.

    • davidbdale says:

      This is a little confused, Nayr:

      I’ve always thought one should cite sources quoted/mentioned in the paper, however, one should cite most, if not all, sources used, even if many sources were not mentioned or quoted in the piece.

      —A Works Cited or References list at the end of an essay contains bibliographic information ONLY for those works that are named or quoted in the essay.
      —An Annotated Bibliography, on the other hand (and you’ll be doing one of each) contains Bib Notes on every source you consulted and found useful whether you mention it in your essay or not.

  2. j6128 says:

    What happened
    Register to vote
    Purposeful summary

    What I learned
    The November 2020 general election will be the most consequential of our lifetime
    There is no such thing as an empty bottle of Scotch- example of how language is complex
    Purposeful summary= shaping information while analyzing the outside sources
    Eliminate unnecessary information from the outside sources
    Summary the ideas that are most important to you that suits your purpose
    Do not paraphrase
    Read carefully what the author has to say
    Too much quotation fails a paper-most of the paper needs to be in your own words
    The perfect blend of original material and your own good reasoning is the purposeful summary
    Leave out most about what the author has to say
    You must not remove the material from its context
    Professor’s favorite president is Jimmy Carter
    “If you are willing to eat an animal then you must be willing to kill it”
    Homework: create purposeful summaries that are counterintuitive- find article that are counterintuitive

    • davidbdale says:

      Beautiful Notes, J.
      This is an excellent example for others to follow of how to write Notes that distill the hour or so of active class time down to memorable and instructive comments. I particularly like the way you separate your Notes into “What Happened” and “What I Learned.”
      3 Participation Points out of 3 Possible Points

  3. stripedsweater21 says:

    In class, we discussed quotes. We don’t want to necessarily copy the author’s words; we want to interpret in a way where it supports our arguments. We don’t string a bunch of quotes together- we blend the original material with our own good reasoning. We must NOT remove the material from the context; pulling specific quotes and using them to go against their original meaning is not okay. We also talked about sometimes when we read, the context doesn’t explicitly explain the meaning; we come to that conclusion by ourselves.

  4. bloomingmystery says:

    Feb 5th Notes:
    You don’t find the perfect quote right away, you need to look and search and comb through sources to find something that will fit just right with that you’re writing about.
    Paraphrasing is not the way to go, it’s taking the author’s words and replacing them to where it sounds the same, but the wording is worse.
    Too much quotation fails a paper as most of the words should be yours and not someone else’s.
    A blend of the original source and your own good reasoning is the essence of the purposeful summary.
    This purposeful summary task is due before class next Wednesday, and the hypothesis is a another task that is due before class on Monday.

    • davidbdale says:

      You don’t find the perfect quote right away, you need to look and search and comb through sources to find something that will fit just right with that you’re writing about.

      In fact, Blooming, we rarely find the “right quote,” which is why the skill of Purposeful Summarizing is so important. We need to be able to “write our own quote” that delivers the essence of the source’s valuable material.

  5. harp03 says:

    Class Notes 02/05/2020

    -It is your job to capture the meaning of a source (Purposeful Summary is the shaping of the material into something memorable/persuasive)
    -Have a goal/purpose when summarizing
    -Do NOT quote, do not paraphrase

    Throughout the creation process of a 3000 word essay:
    -Consult 50 sources
    -Save links to just 30 of them
    -Actively pursue 25 of those
    -Produce annotated bibliography for 20 of those
    -Directly quote 7 of them (may have 12 in total, but only directly quote ~7)

    You can remove material from its context, but you will fail a paper if you do it incorrectly (keep the message the same)
    -Retain integrity by not necessarily drawing the same conclusion as the author you are quoting

    Purposeful Summary Assignment:
    -Begin by stating “It seems counterintuitive that…”

    In class, we also began writing 3 Purposeful Summaries due 02/11/2020

  6. sixers103 says:

    Professor went in depth about purposeful summary and the correct way that summarizing should be done. Purposefully summary is mostly about leaving out what the author has written. He talked about multiple examples such as the summary of the three parent baby. Creating purposeful summaries allows for you better your knowledge on a piece of work without just copying the authors own words. Professor gave a fluent lecture and fully described the ways that makes a purposeful summary correct.

    • davidbdale says:

      I wouldn’t say this, Sixers:

      Purposefully summary is mostly about leaving out what the author has written.

      The primary function of the PS is the shaping of the material to support your own argument. That DOES involve leaving out most of what the author has written, but retaining the right small parts is the real key.

  7. a1175 says:

    -There is no such thing as an empty bottle of Scotch. It would just be an empty bottle that once was Scotch. The way to say it would be an empty Scotch bottle.
    -This shows that wording is everything
    -purposeful summary is the shaping of information into a purposeful argument
    -an example would be “the author’s entire message was…”
    -purposeful summary is the main idea and trying to persuade the reader
    -quotes and paraphrases need to cite the author, but purposeful summaries don’t need quotes
    -quotes can be miscommunicated when they are taken out of context

  8. dupreeh79 says:

    -A purposeful summary takes out most of the original authors “language.”
    -In a 1000 word quotes should not be overused and 90% of words should be your own.
    -Evidence from a source and be taken out of context to prove your thesis.
    – Counterintuitive- “contrary to intuition or to common-sense expectation (but often nevertheless true).”
    -Each purposeful summary should start with “It seems counterintuitive…” and should be about 3 paragraphs

  9. alyse816 says:

    An author will not com out and say the the purpose of the story, that is for you to figure out and relay on
    Purposeful Summary- used to persuade your audience and draw reasonable conclusions
    The 2020 election will be the biggest of our lifetime, not only so far but so forth
    To much quotation fails a paper because out of the paper more than half of the words should be yours
    Don’t always quote the author but put into your words what you want to say that the author did

  10. killerbeanforever says:

    we thanked stripped sweater for his avatar. we talked about Not Quote, Not Paraphrase. 2500 words of a 3000 word essay should be yours. Prof told us the story about his former student went vegan because he didn’t think that he could kill the animals.

  11. gossipgirl3801 says:

    2/5/20- Today we started off with a riddle on why there is no empty such thing as an empty bottle of scotch because it would just be an empty bottle, because there is no scotch in it. We also registered to vote in the 2020 election online. We discussed purposeful summaries and how in a paper we should find material on our subject and shape it into a strong argument of our own. To summarize an idea that shapes our own ideas, summarize with a purpose. In our research project we will not paraphrase and will have minimal quotes. Read the article once, take in the information, out the article away, and then write your own words. Out of 3000 words, at least 2500 words should be yours, not strung together quotes. You can site sources with out quoting them or paraphrasing them. Do not misquote someone, could discredit someone and yank it out of context. Professor provided us with examples of purposeful summaries and then assigned us to write 3 purposeful summaries for due Tuesday night. Start all 3 of our purposeful summaries with “It seems counterintuitive that…”. We started looking for articles at the end of the class to start writing our summaries.

  12. rose1029 says:

    February 5 Notes:
    – discussed a riddle about scotch
    – we registered to vote
    – discussed what a purposeful summary is
    – discussed how to pick out our resources in an organized way
    – talked about our next upcoming assignment “Purposeful Summary”
    – for the last few minutes of class, we looked through the articles for the assignment
    – some last-minute housekeeping with links and any questions
    What I learned:
    – that when a bottle of scotch has no scotch in it then it would just be an empty bottle or empty scotch bottle. (Specific language)
    – that this upcoming election will affect my generation a whole lot
    – that a purposeful summary is the summary of a text that gives the meaning and message the story was trying to give you
    – to pick out a lot of resources and take them down first and then follow steps to weed out sources you don’t want to use in your paper and only quote a few of them in the paper.
    – students must be able to use a source’s information to support your thesis without discrediting and/or plagiarise the author
    – for our next assignment “Purposeful Summary” we must read three articles about a counterintuitive topic and begin each summary with ” it seems counterintuitive that”

  13. taxmanmaxwell says:

    Today class began with a riddle about why there is no such thing as a bottle of scotch. We learned that it is no longer a bottle of scotch when its empty. This was used as an example for the importance of using exact language.

    Following the riddle we were directed to go to to ensure that we were registered to vote. After visiting the website we moved on to the assignment due on Feb. 11th.

    The assignment we have due is a purposeful summary where we used as much of our original language as possible. In order to use original language we are to avoid paraphrasing or overusing quotes. In addition, we are to begin our summary with the statement that: “our main theme may seem counterintuitive…” and then procede to argue our point.

  14. omgmafia says:

    Today, I learned that there is no such thing as a bottle of scotch, but just an empty scotch bottle.
    Paraphrasing is not the goal, quoting is.
    We should not be mischaracterizing an authors words, but instead, explain the authors words to the best of our ability.

  15. bmdpiano says:


    – Why is there no such thing as an empty bottle of Scotch?
    – This question shows the complexity of words. A bottle of Scotch is a bottle with Scotch in it, so it cannot be empty. If it was empty, it would just be a bottle.

    Lecture: Purposeful Summary
    – A way to summarize a writing piece so that the reader can understand it by just reading the summary.
    – Paraphrasing is changing words and not doing the writing justice as well as it being a plagiarism-like task.
    – Quotes do not provide anything to a summary. It simply just creates a reading list for the reader of your summary.
    – Misquoting can eventually ruin the paper
    – Showing how each situation is counter intuitive when writing the summary.

  16. Cleo says:

    Notes on February 5th
    Professor started off the class with a riddle to get our brains started
    language is very important when it comes to writing
    registered to vote (extremely helpful)
    paraphrasing is considered an academic integrity violation.
    it is important to read what the author said, comprehend it, and shape it in your own interpretation
    Assignment should not have too many quotes-it should be mostly your own ideas
    sources do not have to agree with your perspective, it must be evident to the topic of the paper.

  17. tenere84 says:

    Notes 2/5

    Riddle: Why is there no such thing as an empty bottle of Scotch?
    – Because an “empty” bottle that is void of any Scotch cannot be called a bottle of Scotch. It may be called a “Scotch bottle” due to its intended purpose, but not a bottle of Scotch.

    Purposeful Summary
    – A research paper can contain annotated bibliographic entries for 20 sources but only directly quote 7.
    – Too much quotation leaves little room for your own original language and discourages readers from considering your position.

    Good for What it Leaves Out
    – A good purposeful summary:
    1) eliminates most of the original language.
    2) can eliminate the author’s original argument.
    3) can eliminate the author’s logic, rhetoric, ethical justifications, and conclusions.
    4) can eliminate the oppositional stance or attitude of the original.
    5) can remove the material from its context.

    Better for What it Adds
    – With all or most of the above elements removed, you have plenty of room to add your own original langue and argument.
    – You can express an opinion completely opposite of that of the author.
    – However, for ethical reasons, you cannot distort the original author’s position or intent.


    1) Ethics of a Three-Parent Baby
    – It seems counterintuitive that a baby could ever require or make use of the DNA of three parents. But that’s exactly what is happening.
    – Why? To prevent birth defects and create a baby with healthy DNA.
    – Problems with this new trend: it opens the door to all sorts of god-playing and frankenstein(‘s monster)-creating unscrupulous experimentation imaginable. The rich will most likely be among the only people who can afford these “healthy babies.”

    2) Africa Should Screen Americans for Measles
    – It seems counterintuitive but is possibly true that Africans have more to fear, disease-wise, from American visitors than we have to fear from them.
    – America has become ravaged with measles and has caused a growing concern from other countries.
    – Also counterintuitive is that there are strict immunization protocols in the US, despite the fact that Americans have a legal “right” to refuse vaccinations.
    – We make stereotypes and express irrational fears about the sanitary problems in Africa, but do not worry as much about our own anti-vaxxer citizens who perpetuate the measles epidemic.

    3) Is this Photo Ethical?
    – It seems counterintuitive that we send photographers into scenes of grave danger on the basis of our need to see and fully understand human error and suffering in the form of pictures, but then accuse them of sensationalizing their subjects when they deliver precisely what we have asked them to produce.

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