Magical Dependency

Independent Clauses Emphasize Claims

Claim 1: Since the program lowers the crime rate by giving free heroin to the addicts, it won’t help them end their addiction.

Claim 1 Flipped: While the program doesn’t help addicts end their addiction, it reduces the crime rates in the city by providing the addicts free heroin in the cleanest way possible.

Dependent Clauses Minimize Objections 

Claim 2: While the addicts will unfortunately remain dependent on heroin, the city will have the opportunity to thrive.

Claim 1 Flipped: Although this program might save the city, the addicts will still be dependent on heroin.

In Class Exercise

Using “A Price Too High” as your subject matter, produce three sets of sentences, like those above, that flip the dependent and independent clauses to prove different claims.

Claim 1:
Claim 1 Flipped:
Claim 2:
Claim 2 Flipped:
Claim 3:
Claim 3 Flipped:

 

16 Responses to Magical Dependency

  1. nickalodeansallthat says:

    Claim 1: Although Nuclear power can produce a large amount of energy, it is still both economically and Structurally Unsound

    Claim 1 flipped: Even though nuclear facilities are economically and potentially structurally unsafe, they produce late amounts of energy to power city’s and are clean when doing so

    Claim 2: While Nuclear facilities are some of the cleanest energy producers, it is wildly expensive to build and maintain.

    Claim 2 flipped: while being unimaginably expensive, nuclear energy is some of the cleanest energy in the world.

  2. romanhsantiago says:

    Claim 1: While a disaster like the on that happened in Japan has not happened here, Nature is very unpredictable and the disaster may happen here.
    Claim 1 Flipped: Although nature is very unpredictable, the natural disaster has not happened here
    Claim 2: To increase our reliance on nuclear power, will heighten our chances of a natural disaster.
    Claim 2 Flipped: Although heightening our chances of natural disaster, its a risk that comes with increasing reliance on nuclear power.
    Claim 3: Since the plan is old it was shut down
    Claim3 Flipped: Although the plant was shut down for a year it did not change the fact it was old

    • davidbdale says:

      These reach the target, Roman, but miss the bullseye. The first set provides very little confidence of safety. The second set should compare risk and reward, but it ignores the reward. The third set should probably balance the loss of downtime with the gain in safety, but it ignores the safety advantage.
      2/3

  3. therealjohnsanchez says:

    Although there are few nuclear power accidents, they could happen at any time.
    Although they could happen at any time, there are few nuclear power plant accidents

    Although there are fewer deaths due to nuclear power compared to other power sources, each accident has the potential to be more devastating.
    Although each accident is potentially more devastating, less people are killed by nuclear power.

    Although nuclear power prevents the release of green house gases, it creates nuclear waste.
    Although it creates nuclear waste, it prevents the release of green house gases.

    It is expensive too.

    • davidbdale says:

      Good work, Sanchez, but you missed some opportunities. The first set could balance the rarity of accidents with the threat of apocalypse. The second set retrieves that lost opportunity. In the second set, you could make both arguments sound more devastating: sudden catastrophe of a nuclear accident vs. the cumulative deadliness of greenhouse gas emission. (Which one is more deadly, do you suppose?)
      3/3 (Four out of five if I were fine-tuning. :))

  4. therealmoana says:

    Using “A Price Too High” as your subject matter, produce three sets of sentences, like those above, that flip the dependent and independent clauses to prove different claims.

    Claim 1: First, can a disaster comparable to the one in Japan happen here? The answer, of course, is yes whether caused by an earthquake or some other event or series of events. Nature is unpredictable and human beings are fallible. It could happen.
    Claim 1 Flipped: While nature is unpredictable and human beings are fallible, disasters compared to Japan’s can happen in the U.S.
    Claim 2: So the second question is whether it makes sense to follow through on plans to increase our reliance on nuclear power, thus heightening the risk of a terrible problem occurring here in the United States. Is that a risk worth taking?
    Claim 2 Flipped: Although we heighten our risk of disasters happening in the U.S, it makes sense to follow through on plans to increase our reliance on nuclear power.
    Claim 3:Nuclear power is hardly the pristine, economical, unambiguous answer to the nation’s energy needs and global warming concerns. It offers benefits and big-time shortcomings. Ultimately, the price may be much too high. 
    Claim 3 Flipped: While building new plants might be expensive and require loans from the government worth 200 billion dollars, it offers benefits and big time shortcomings.

    • davidbdale says:

      There’s a tremendous amount of good work here, Moana. It doesn’t quite follow the format of the assignment, but I can’t deny its quality. For example, your third set shouldn’t quibble about which side of the “equation” is positive. There’s no room in these little arguments for BOTH benefits and disadvantages on the same side of the equals sign.
      3/3

  5. studentwriter1212 says:

    Claim 1: The Indian Point nuclear power plant is close to New York city, if something went wrong in the plant the city would be affected negatively
    Claim 1 Flipped: If something went wrong in the Indian Point power plant the city would be affected negatively because of the closeness of these 2 locations

    Claim 2: The rarity of nuclear power point disasters make people feel as if those catastrophes are unlikely
    Claim 2 Flipped: People feel nuclear power point catastrophes are unlikely because of how rarely they happen.

    • davidbdale says:

      You’ve missed the point of the lesson here, studentwriter. Your Flipped and Unflipped versions tell the same story. The magic of dependency is to change the emphasis of your sentence, minimizing objections and maximizing your positive claims.

      For example:
      Claim 2: Although a nuclear accident might kill millions, the plants are rare, so the odds of death are low.
      Claim 2 Flipped: Although there are few nuclear plants, an accident at one of them might kill millions.

      Do you see the difference?
      1/3

  6. chippy1313 says:

    Claim 1: Even though no disaster like the one in Japan has happened here, it is still a huge risk.
    Claim 1 Flipped: Although it is a risk, we still continue to hold nuclear power plants in the U.S.
    Claim 2: Although power plants create nuclear waste, they don’t release greenhouse gases.
    Claim 2 Flipped: Even though power plants don’t release greenhouse gases, they still create nuclear waste.
    Claim 3: Even though nuclear power plants are very expensive to build and maintain, they create a lot of safe energy.
    Claim 3 Flipped: Although nuclear power plants create a lot of safe energy, they are still very expensive to build and maintain.

  7. greeneggsandham234 says:

    Claim 1: Although nuclear disasters are very rare, anything can go wrong at a certain point.

    Claim 1 flipped: Although nuclear disaster cause fatal consequences, they are extremely rare.

    Claim 2: Although nuclear power creates cleaner energy, it still creates dangerous nuclear waste

    Claim 2 Flipped: Although nuclear waste is unsafe, nuclear power produces much cleaner energy then most energy sources.

    Claim 3: Even though nuclear powers are extremely expensive, they produce less greenhouse gases then other energy sources

    Claim 3 Flipped: Although nuclear power plants create less greenhouse gases, they are economically unwise.

    • davidbdale says:

      Nice work, Green Eggs.
      A couple of grammar corrections:
      Claim 2 Flipped: Although nuclear waste is unsafe, nuclear power produces much cleaner energy THAN most energy sources.
      Claim 3: Even though nuclear power PLANTS are extremely expensive, they produce less greenhouse GAS THAN other energy sources
      Claim 3 Flipped: Although nuclear power plants create less greenhouse GAS, they are economically unwise.
      3/3

  8. nobinaryneeded says:

    Claim 1: Because of humans being fallible they could fall victim to nature’s unpredictability.

    Claim 1 Flipped: Nature’s unpredictability is something that humans need to be aware of to keep themselves safe though nuclear energy is a safer solution for the planet.

    Claim 2: Since fossil fuels create greenhouse gases, nuclear power would be a more viable solution to energy.

    Claim 2 Flipped: A risk worth taking would be to increase our reliance on nuclear power though it would create unsolved problems such as what to do with waste and possibilities of catastrophic events.

    Claim 3: Nuclear power is clean for the environment and can help our global warning concerns.

    Claim 3 Flipped: Some nuclear reactors have been shut down due to safety reasons following dozens of incidents because of nuclear waste, and is a very costly project.

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