1. Dr.Joseph, Stephen How to See Challenges as Opportunities” Psychology Today. 5 Nov. 2016

Background: In this short article, the idea of overcoming challenges and how doing so is the only way to becoming a better individual is examined. The author focuses on how staying in a comfort zone can be very detrimental to one’s personal growth, and goes on to describe the reasons why. 

How I Used It: One of my main points I wanted to support in my writing was how the best way to develop a life skill is to go through a life experience that pushes you to overcome obstacles. I feel that this article supports that idea by describing how working to get through challenges is how to fully “lead an authentic life”. The author further supports my claim in describing how avoiding challenges can be harmful when it comes to trying to improve oneself. 

  1. Dr.Mintz, Steven “How Parent-Child Relations Have ChangedPsychology Today. 7 Apr. 2015

Background: This article discusses the evolution of the bond between parent and child, specifically how it has changed drastically from the 50’s to now. The author discussed how parents themselves have different values and beliefs compared to what they were raised with. He also goes on to say how the environment and modern day dangers that children group up surrounded by also play a factor to how much things have changed in child raising. 

How I Used It: This article helped support my claim about how parenting techniques have changed and the reason behind kids today have an overall different relationship with their children. I wanted to point out how the values of parents have changed and thus changing the way children now view their parents. One point that stood out to me so much that I decided to use the direct quote in my writing was how he spoke about that even though parents currently can be described as overprotective and overbearing, the relationship they develop with their child surpasses anyone trying to judge them and their techniques. I feel that this was an important fact my readers needed to know as well.   

  1. Hustand, Megan “Surprising Benefits for Those Who Had Tough ChildhoodsPsychology Today. 7 Mar. 2017. Reviewed 17 Oct. 2019

Background: This article discusses the surprising benefactors of having a difficult childhood. The author talks about an individual who had a very stressful upbringing and how though her childhood experiences she developed many different skills, that not many have a chance to develop. 

How I Used It: This article was not what I was specifically looking for while researching for my paper, however; it brought to light many important points that ended up helping give my writing a different perspective. The writer helped me identify what sort of problems my claim could potentially bring up and thus helped me identify what I needed to address in my writing to undermine those rebuttals. She also asked a similar question I was working to answer in my own writing which is if under the right conditions, could kids from stressed environments perform better than expected in certain abilities?

  1. Dr.Fagan, Pat “Effects of Family Structure on CrimeMarripedia

Background: This piece of writing comes from an online social science encyclopedia related to family topics. It is a gathering of evidence and it gives specific findings and provides graphs on family structure as it relates to family criminal history. Some examples of the findings include, the rate of teenage crime corresponding to the number of families without fathers, high-crime neighborhoods being characterized by families with single parents, and several more.

How I Used It: I wanted to specify what exactly I was claiming, and I feel that this collection of data helps with that. In order to show the readers what I was declaring I needed to show them what I wasn’t. Specifically that having an extremely troublesome childhood is not beneficial to the child and can lead them down a negative path.  

  1. Noonan, Julie “What Makes a Good Childhood?Berry Street Victoria Inc. Childhood Institute, Knowledge to Action, 2017

Background: This textbook contains several chapters essentially answering the question “what makes a good childhood?”. The author includes a brief description of childhoods in history compared to now, as well as well-being factors of childhood. 

How I Used It: I used the definition of what was defined by the text in order to create a very simplified background of what the bare minimum a child needs in order to get a good start in life. I also included some of the well-being factors so that there was a clear outline of what a child needs to start off with. Specifically the Positive Sense of Self section caught my eye and mentions “Gaining knowledge and skills to prepare for adult life” which supports my claims. 

  1. Dolan, MichaelHow Did the White Picket Fence Become a Symbol of the SuburbsApr. 2019

Background: This article gives the history and in-depth definition of the phrase “White Picket Fence”. It describes how the phrase was first brought into society and what influences it had on people. 

How I Used It: I wanted to give a definition to what so many people wanted so badly to achieve in life. This article provided me with background information for what I believe so many people work their whole lives to get: a comfortable life. I used this definition to prove that claim and show my audience how striving for this ideal life can bring up some difficulties in the future. The author agrees with my ideas to an extent saying things such as retiring the phrase and coming up with something a little more relevant to current times. 

  1. Gottlieb, Lori “How to Land Your Kid in TherapyThe Atlantic, July/Aug. 2011

Background: The author, A mother and Psychologist named Lori Gottlieb seeks an answer to what every parent asks themselves before having a child, what is the right way to raise my child? She tries to find this answer by interviewing a few of her clients about their upbringings and how they are now. Gottlieb brings up a great point in showing how many of her clients were feeling overall down, but confessed that they had nothing to complain about in their lives as well as in their pasts.

How I Used It: The author goes on to show her readers how young adults who were given lives with no hardships end up feeling a lack of purpose. Proving my main claim that having a “perfect” childhood can be detrimental to children once they reach adulthood. I wanted to follow a similar direction that she was going towards and points she was proving, while branching off and focusing on life lessons and learning to overcome them in my writing. 

8.  “Raising Well-Balanced Kids” Challenge Success. Stanford Graduate School of Education, 2020

Background: This short essay comes from a group that partners with schools, families and communities to support success and implement strategies that promote a child’s well being. In this particular page, they discuss the key factors of raising a well-balanced child. 

How I Used It: I wanted to have an overall agreed idea of what a child needs inorder for them to succeed and this short article sums it up perfectly. Mainly their points on allowing kids space to develop on their own and make mistakes, and building a sense of responsibility at home and in the community are what I wanted to include in my writing. 

9.  Hurley, Katie “Resilience in Children: Strategies to Strengthen Your KidsPsycom, 26 Sep. 2018

Background: This article is from a psychological web page that includes other articles regarding issues with children such as “6 Types of Anxiety that Can Affect Children,” among others. The article goes straight into helping one’s child build resilience and develop their own skills to face different types of obstacles they may face. 

How I Used It: The author identifies many stressors children can possibly face such as bullies, divorce, and coping with grief. I wanted to include these events in showing that there are some things that parents cannot protect their children from, and how children need to know how to deal with these things on their own in order to grow as individuals.

10. Lythcott-Haims, Julie “How to raise successful kids without overparenting.TED Talks Live. 15 Nov

Background: Julie Lythcott-Haims immediately dives into the topic of modern day parenting techniques and what exactly is wrong with them. She discusses how overbearing parents can be just as detrimental as neglectful parents. 

How I Used It: I wanted to include her several negative points on overbearing parents and how becoming a parent that protects their child from everything that life throws their way doesn’t prepare them for anything they may encounter in the future. I want to go further with her claims and say that overcoming an obstacle is a more effective way of building a skill than having an outside source constantly giving support, because when a child overcomes that challenge themselves they can better develop “self-efficacy”. 

11. Fry, Elizabeth “A Childhood Biography of Oprah Winfreyliveaboutdotcom. 22 Aug. 2019

Background: A simple yet detailed account on the experiences and challenges Oprah Winfrey faced in youth. It describes the challenges she had to fight through and compares then to where she is today.

How I Used It: This reference provided me with some needed information on a very successful person’s childhood and how it related to where she is now. Oprah Winfrey had both a very successful career as well as a troublesome childhood. Even though it was not directly quoted in my Casual Argument, it still inspired some ideas and allowed me to reference Oprah Winfrey in my writing.

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