Fritz, C., Ellis, A. M., Demsky, C. A., Lin, B. C., & Guros, F. (2013). Embracing work breaks. Organizational Dynamics, 42(4), 274-280.
Background: This study provided some rebuttal arguments and overall how to recover from work stress by taking a healthy break.
How I used it: I used this to discuss the critics of taking breaks and how they are wrong. This was also used to go in depth about the psychology of taking a break and how it really helps the brain recharge.
Kohll, A. (2018). This is how working lunches are making you bad at your job. World Economic Forum
Background: This article emphasizes the importance of taking a wellness break, not just a lunch break. It talks about the different benefits that taking a break has on your body and brain. It also provides stats and how to overall increase your productivity.
How I used it: I used this source to provide stats which I believe are crucial in making a point. It was also used to make the point of showing how little people believe in the effectiveness of taking a break. This also provided some information on how Americans would rather overwork themselves than be perceived as lazy by their peers or boss.
Kühnel, J., Zacher, H., De Bloom, J., & Bledow, R. (2017). Take a break! Benefits of sleep and short breaks for daily work engagement. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 26(4), 481-491.
Background- A daily diary study conducted by 107 employees who provide data twice a day and it was found that sleep quality and shorter breaks are indeed beneficial to a worker and the importance of exercise.
How I used it: I used this to compare it to Kohl’s study and add onto it.
Pendem, P., Green, P., Staats, B. R., & Gino, F. (2016). The Microstructure of Work: How Unexpected Breaks Let You Rest, but Not Lose Focus. Harvard Business School NOM Unit Working Paper, (17-058).
Background- A study done to conduct whether expected or unexpected breaks are better. This study uses productivity data from 212 fruit harvesters.
How I used it- this study was used to further go into details about critics of breaks and how breaks help our memory impairment.
Randolph, S. A. (2016). The importance of employee breaks. Workplace health & safety, 64(7), 344-344.
Background- human fatigue controls, measurements, exposure, risks, etc.
How I used it- I used this source to compare how driving for a long period of time and taking breaks while driving decreases accidents. Same way it would when you are working or studying.
Scholz, A., Wendsche, J., Ghadiri, A., Singh, U., Peters, T., & Schneider, S. (2019). Methods in Experimental Work Break Research: A Scoping Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(20), 3844.
Background- this is a total of 93 studies conducted on the experiment of work breaks over the last 30 years.
How I used it: I used this to prove that meditation or prayer can help productivity rather than sitting at a desk all day. Also used to mention that breaks also include vacations or days off.
(2005) in The Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Law and Legal Theory, eds Edmundson W, Golding M (Blackwell, Oxford), pp 50–66.
Background- This study proves that Judges’ decisions are not always solely made based on the law. There are other factors that go into the decision such as fatigue.
How I used it- I used this study in my definition paper to also prove that a judge is more likely to rule in the defendant’s best interest at the beginning of the day rather than later when they have heard hundreds of cases.
Bainbridge, L. 1984. Diagnostic skills in process operation.. Proceedings of the 1984 International Conference on Occupational Ergonomics, 2: 1–10
Background- two studies are done to conclude the effects of taking a break from a mental or physical job.
How I used it- I used this study to discuss how more frequent breaks lead to a better performance and how the prefrontal cortex plays a role in productivity in my definition paper.
Dababneh, Awwad J., Naomi Swanson, and Richard L. Shell. “Impact of added rest breaks on the productivity and well being of workers.” Ergonomics 44.2 (2001): 164-
Background- A group of 30 workers in a meat processing- plant were given two test break schedules to determine which is more efficient.
How I used it- I used this study to align mental health, breaks, and productivity.
174.Paulus, Paul B., et al. “Effects of task instructions and brief breaks on brainstorming.” Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice 10.3 (2006): 206.
Background- The effects of extra brainstorming and taking breaks.
How I used it: I used this in my Causal argument to discuss how stress can affect performance.